PLEASE WRITE A RESPONSE TO THIS PSOST)
Choose a country and explain which one of the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) you believe is most relevant for addressing the global burden of disease in that country, and support why. Then, explain how achieving health related SDGs may impact global society in that country. Specifically, in your response be sure to discuss the means by which structural bias, social inequities and racism undermine health and create challenges to achieving health equity at organizational, community, and societal levels. Provide examples and remember to cite your sources.
At the beginning of the Millennium, world leaders convened at the United Nations to help tackle the issue of extreme poverty in all its forms by 2015. (UNICEF, 2014) This wide-ranging vision against world poverty began with the signing of the United Nations Millenium Declaration in which 189 countries participated. (UNICEF, 2014) From this declaration stemmed a set of quantified goals and targets called the Millenium Development Goals (MDGs). The MDGs contained a set of 8 goals that targeted poverty-stricken countries and sought to improve problems surrounding international development.
The country I am going to focus on for this week’s discussion is Nigeria more so the state of Borno. Target 6C of the MDGs aims to reverse and eradicate the incidence of malaria and other diseases. (WHO, 2021) In the northeastern state of Borno, Nigeria, the WHO estimates that every week 8500 people are infected with malaria. 3.7 million are at risk for this deadly disease. Civil strife as well as malnutrition and fragile governmental infrastructure often fuels the spread of the disease and hinders efforts to end this crisis. The state’s population is highly vulnerable consisting largely of children which constitutes for 58.8% of its total. (WHO, 2021) Only a little over half of this region’s health facilities function at partial capacity and many of its people don’t have access to regular health services that include routine vaccination and basic medicine. Though malaria is the number one killer in this region it is, however, preventable, and curable. (WHO, 2021) Scientists feel as though boosting malaria prevention and control is not often viewed as a top priority that requires an emergency response.
Goal 3 of the Sustainable Development Goals contribute to ending epidemics such as malaria. (Global targets 2019) By increasing people’s access to health care, strengthening malaria surveillance systems, spring insecticides, and add administering malaria drugs to children under 5 every month would be a life saving endeavor. (WHO, 2021) Again, the conflict that exists within this country contributes heavily to why not much has been possible to achieve. Other benefits would arise from decreasing cases of malaria. As cases of malaria go down and people start to receive the healthcare that they need MDG 4 would greatly be affected in this country. MDG 4 is aimed to reduce child mortality under the age of 5. The World Health Organization and sector partners continue to make strides in the fight against malaria and improve the impact the impact of the disease in Borno. (WHO, 2021)